Turkish Declaration of War

The Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Italy signed the Treaty of Lausanne at the Swiss city of Ouchy at 3:30 pm to end the Italo-Turkish War, with Turkey agreeing to grant independence to Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, effectively bringing them under Italian control. In return for the cession of Libya, as well as the Dodecanese Islands, Italy paid a sum representing 4 percent of the Ottoman national debt and allowed the Ottoman Sultan to continue as the Caliph of Libyan Muslims. The Ottoman field commanders were ordered to withdraw their men, despite their feeling that they “were more than sure of their ability to win the war”.
King Ferdinand I of Bulgaria issued a proclamation of holy war against the Ottoman empire.


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