- Battle of Adrianople (1913): The Turkish city of Adrianople (Edirne in Turkish, Odrin in Bulgaria), at one time the capital of the Ottoman Empire, was captured Bulgarian troops under the command of General Savov. Four months later, after the Second Balkan War broke out between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, the Turkish Ottoman troops would recapture on July 23, 1913.
- Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza announced his Plan of Guadalupe, and began his rebellion against Victoriano Huerta’s government as head of the Constitutionals.
The fall of Erdine (Adrianople) to the Bulgarians after a four month siege is the most significant news in the past week. Tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia-Montenegro over Skutari and Albania more generally appear to be on the wane as well.
Also note the article on Japanese naval expansion, particularly its reference to being able to face a “certain power” capable of massing 22 battleships in the Pacific. That power could only be the United States.
Also note the 40-odd page long overview of the Russian economy in the Times of London. We can only show its extent by listing its table of contents! This followed last weeks’ 3- full column length review of U.S. agriculture, noting its general stagnation. It was quite interesting, but simply too lengthy to post here. All in all, it is a measure of the habits of an imperial hegemony at the end of its historic tenure.
A sharper contrast could not be drawn with the low and vulgar quality of standard U.S. journalistic fare as evidenced in the New York Times, the legacy of the influence of Pulitzer and Hearst. Not to mention its propensity for the mindless peddling of falsehoods and other disinformation, a habit that continues to this day.
This is epitomized by the Time’s memoir to a certain Lord Wolseley, a career that typified the British Empire. It is highly recommended that the reader check out the Wikipedia on Wolseley, of Anglo-Irish gentry “settled in the time of William II” at the end of the 17th century. There was hardly a corner of the planet Earth that did not feel the jackboot of 1st Viscount Wolseley’s presence. While stationed in Canada during the U.S. Civil War, Wolseley even had himself smuggled into Virginia on a Confederate blockade runner, where he was pleased to fraternize with the military command of the Slaveowners’ Republic, and wrote an apologetic for the infamous Nathan Bedford Forrest, future founder of the Ku Klux Klan terror organization, after one of his frequent massacres of Black prisoners of war. The bloody bastard!